Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) – EEA and Switzerland Monthly Report – October 2018
Although IOM’s AVRR programs continue to be the only option for migrants in vulnerable situations who want to return home but lack the means to do so, monthly reports produced by IOM’s Regional Office for the EU, EEA and NATO, show a gradual decrease in the number of migrants who chose to return home through IOM’s AVRR programmes.
In line with the trends observed in the last two years, EEA and Switzerland continues to be the region with the largest proportion of migrants returning home. As can be observed from the charts below, 29.314 migrants went back to their countries of origin with the help of AVRR between January and October 2018 compared to 43.830 in the same period of 2017. This marks a 33% decrease in the number of returns between the first ten months of 2018 and 2017.
The number of returns have been fluctuating between 2.628 (a minimum of returns in January) and 3.346 (maximum number of returns in a month, registered in March) migrants every month. In the month of October alone, 2.916 migrants have returned to 95 countries of origin. The main host countries were Germany (1.320), Greece (496), Austria (300), the Netherlands (286) and Belgium (174) whilst Iraq (484), Albania (212), Georgia (199), Russian Federation (189), Ukraine (158) have been the main countries of origin.
Compared to the previous month, October has witnessed a slight increase (13 %) in the number of AVRR returns, and also a slight increase in the number of countries of origin (from 91 to 95. The gender distribution has largely remained the same as in the previous month. A noteworthy development since September 2018 is the continous increase in the number of AVRR returns to the Republic of Moldova. Whilst until August 2018, the Republic of Moldova has not appeared in the first 10 countries of origin for the AVRR returns, there was a sudden increase in September 2018 (141) which propelled Moldova on the 4th place among the 10 countries at parity with the Russian Federation. Th trend has continued in October 2018, with only a slight increase in the numbers of AVRR returns compared to the previous month (154).
Overall, for the first ten months of 2018, the main countries of origin have remained Iraq (4.274), Georgia (2.114) and Albania (1.636) followed by Russian Federation (1.504), Ukraine (1.453). In terms of host countries, the top five are Germany (14.183), Greece (4.087), Austria (2.935), Belgium (2.442) and Netherlands (1.628).
For a more visual interpretation of the aforementioned tendencies, you can download the full report here.
* Periodic data is provisional and should therefore be considered as an estimation. AVRR global data is reviewed and finalized on an annual basis.