Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) quarterly bulletin 2017/II (1 April - 30 June 2017)
Figures presented in this Bulletin show a decrease in the number of AVRR beneficiaries in the first semester of 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016. This is mainly due to a lower volume from the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland.
This decrease can be explained by a combination of structural and contextual factors, varying from country to country:
· lower influx of migrant arrivals and asylum applications;
· increase in the number of migrants in vulnerable situation (whose processing requires more time);
· and changes in national migration and asylum policies, including increased emphasis on forced returns or restrictions in AVRR eligibility criteria.
“Figures presented in the bulletin mirror a situation that is going back to normal for AVRR globally, after the unprecedented, high volumes of assisted voluntary returns from Europe in 2016,” remarked Nicola Graviano, Senior AVRR Specialist at IOM’s Migrant Assistance Division (MAD) in IOM Headquarters in Geneva. At the same time, the bulletin’s data points to an increase in assisted voluntary returns from countries such as Niger or Djibouti, which are usually considered as transit countries for migrants en route to the EEA or the Gulf countries. “Our colleagues in the field have noticed a general increase in the number of migrants in vulnerable situations among the returnees, who require specific attention and tailored assistance,” concluded Graviano.
From 1 January until 30 June 2017, the EEA and Switzerland was the region from where most migrants returned (73 per cent), while South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia remained the region with the largest number of returnees (39 per cent). Migrants assisted by IOM mainly returned from Germany (16,645), Greece (2,924) and Niger (2,795). The main countries of origin were Albania (4,421), Iraq (4,006) and Ethiopia (2,330).
* Periodic data is provisional and should therefore be considered as an estimation. AVRR global data is reviewed and finalized on an annual basis.
To access IOM’s AVRR Bulletin 2017/II, please click here.
To access IOM’s AVRR 2016 Key Highlights report, please click here.
For further information about IOM’s AVRR programmes, please click here.